A non-resident alien individual not eligible for an SSN who is required to file a U.S. tax return only to claim a refund of tax under the provisions of a U.S. tax treaty needs an ITIN. If you already have an ITIN but fail to submit a U.S. tax return in any given calendar year, your Individual Taxpayer Identification Number may expire. If this happens, you’ll need to resubmit all your materials – along with your most recently completed U.S. federal tax return. The standard processing time is still seven weeks, although the IRS points out that delays can last up to 11 weeks if the renewal paperwork is received during peak tax time (January 15 to April 30). If questions 11 through 17 on Form SS-4 do not apply to the applicant because he has no U.S. tax return filing requirement, such questions should be annotated “N/A”.
- According to the IRS, certain errors can hold up ITIN processing.
- If you have or are eligible to obtain a social security number, you are not eligible for an ITIN.
- An ITIN may be assigned to an alien dependent from Canada or Mexico if that dependent qualifies a taxpayer for a child or dependent care credit (claimed on Form 2441).
- You can apply for an ITIN without filing a tax return if you meet the criteria for one of the exemptions.
- An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number is a tax processing number issued by the IRS.
To get Form SS-5 or to find out if you are eligible to obtain an SSN, go to Social Security Administration or contact an SSA office. By law, an alien individual cannot have both an ITIN and an SSN. If you have an application for an SSN what is the point in reissuing a financial statement pending, do not file Form W-7. Complete Form W-7 only if the Social Security Administration (SSA) notifies you that an SSN cannot be issued. With an ITIN number, you can also open a U.S. bank account and apply for a mortgage loan.
Apply ITIN for my wife. How long will it take ?
The IRS wants to know why you are filling out the Form W-7 in the first place. Even if this is just a dependent filing for their ITIN, this is something the IRS needs to know. To receive your Individual Tax Identification Number, you need to apply for it. Once your ITIN application is approved, the IRS will issue your ITIN by mail. You can ONLY find your ITIN number on your official IRS ITIN Card/Letter that was issued to you from the IRS when you initially applied for an ITIN. To obtain an SSN, see Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card.
- They process and issue the ITIN’s based on their own circumstances during COVID-19.
- This type of identification is only used as a label so you can file taxes.
- If you’re unsure whether you need an ITIN, check with your employer.
- If you’re a US citizen who regularly files taxes, you likely have a Social Security number.
- This will prevent you from having to mail your proof of identity and foreign status documents.
This person will review your necessary documents and forms and forward Form W-7 to the IRS. A Certifying Acceptance Agent (CAA) is authorized by agreement with the IRS to review identity documents and assist taxpayers with Form W-7, Application for Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN). If your ITIN expires, then your ITIN will no longer be valid under your name and will be open to being reissued to other applicants who qualify and applied for one. EIN Express offers a fast service to get your ITIN number online quickly without having to send your original documents to the IRS. First, you have to understand that while an ITIN is an identification number, it isn’t the same as an SSN or EIN.
How long does it take to get an ITIN?
However, services may vary between countries, so we recommend that you contact the appropriate consulate or embassy for specific information. Having an ITIN will make many aspects of financial life easier for new immigrants to the U.S. We’ll explain what an ITIN is, if you can get an ITIN without a tax return, how to apply for an ITIN without an SSN, and how long it takes to receive an ITIN. If you’re a US citizen who regularly files taxes, you likely have a Social Security number.
What Is a Tax Identification Number (TIN)? Definition, How to Get One
ITIN serves as your Tax identification number for filing your taxes, receiving a tax return from the IRS and to allow you to claim dependents you support in the U.S., Mexico or Canada. We facilitate the ITIN application process by filing the necessary documents and can authenticate your identity to forward the completed forms to the IRS to receive your ITIN quickly. If you are not a U.S. citizen and do not have a Social Security number, learn how to get and use an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) to file a federal tax return. You will receive a letter from the IRS assigning your tax identification number usually within seven weeks if you qualify for an ITIN and your application is complete. Lastly, you should include all the documents asked for in Form W-7 or as instructed by IRS officials.
How to Apply for an ITIN
The time it takes for the application to go between you and the IRS is the biggest reason why individuals are encouraged to apply for this number before tax season. Your Individual Tax Identification Number is a tax identification number used by the IRS. It makes it possible for someone who can’t get an SSN to still file taxes. After submitting your ITIN application, you should receive your approval letter and a letter containing your ITIN in the mail. If you do not receive your ITIN letter, you will need to reach out to the IRS to find out why.
Those submitting ITIN applications need to demonstrate a federal tax reporting or filing requirement when submitting their W-7. All extensions for filing must include payment of the estimated tax owed. An ITIN may be assigned to an alien dependent from Canada or Mexico if that dependent qualifies a taxpayer for a child or dependent care credit (claimed on Form 2441).
To apply for ITIN for non-resident individuals, form W-7 is used to obtain an ITIN. In some cases, F1 visa individuals may be eligible to obtain an SSN, which would mean they don’t need an ITIN. It is important to advise taxpayers about potential consequences. The IRS Disclosure Statute (I.R.C § 6103 (c) et al.) prohibits the sharing of information but has many exceptions.
An ITIN makes it possible for an illegal immigrant to open a bank account within the United States as well. It also makes it possible for an illegal immigrant to apply for a mortgage loan. Candice Elliott has been a freelance writer specializing in personal finance since 2013.
Although, of course, if you have any more questions, we’d recommend you visit the official IRS site, the US governing body which handles ITINs. Bank products and services are offered by Pathward, N.A.
All deposit accounts through Pathward are FDIC insured. Once you receive your ITIN, the IRS requires you to revalidate it every five years. If you don’t use your ITIN for three consecutive years, it will expire. IRS.gov has a wealth of useful information about the process for non-residents.
In 2013, I took the leap to start a virtual law firm so I could help entrepreneurs start their own business and work online on my laptop from anywhere in the world (…best decision I’ve EVER made). If you want to find the quickest route, however, it is best to contact an attorney. By working with an attorney who has experience along these lines, you will not have to wait as long as you might if you try to apply for the number yourself. Those exceptions include court orders and the Department of Justice (which would include ICE) investigations for criminal activity, even without a court order. These criteria can be difficult to meet and advocates are working to clarify the requirements of the letter from a doctor.